Eating disorders are characterized by abnormal eating behaviors that ultimately result in harmful impact on physical and/or mental health as well as professional and social wellbeing. The symptoms and behaviors are often similar to those with substance use disorders, particularly craving, obsession, and compulsive behavior.
There are several varieties of eating disorder. The most common are:
Anorexia – The primary symptoms are denying oneself food, weight loss resulting in an unhealthy Body Mass Index (BMI), and body image issues.
Binge Eating – Excessive eating per meal or occasion, well past the point of satisfying hunger or feeling full. This is often accompanied by bulimia and may be associated with abnormally low or high BMI.
Bulimia – This is characterized by intentional vomiting, use of laxatives and/or diet pills, excessive exercise, and/or frequent fasting after binge, work, eating.
Non-Specified Eating Disorder – This category that may include less severe symptoms of anorexia, binging, bulimia, as well as a broad range of other behaviors and symptoms involving body image concerns, weight concerns, food obsessions, and other symptoms relating to eating, food, and self-image.
Eating disorders are associated with many physical and mental health issues. These issues can result in negative impacts on your family relationship, social relationships, and your career.